Previously, many tribal farmers housed their cows on uneven mud floors. This situation caused significant health issues for the cattle, including skin infection. The rough and uneven surfaces of mud floors were a breeding ground for bacteria, leading to frequent skin infections among the cows. The uneven flooring caused discomfort and stress, negatively impacting the blood circulation of the cows.

Recognizing these challenges, RDO assisted the Tribal in transitioning to cement flooring in their cattle sheds. The benefits of this upgrade have been substantial. The smooth, even surface of the cement floors allows cows to lie down comfortably, reducing stress and enhancing rest. With a cleaner, more stable environment, the instances of skin infections have drastically decreased, and cows are exhibiting better blood circulation. Healthier cows are more productive, benefiting the farmers with increased milk yield and better overall cattle performance.                  There are more than 7000 indigenous cows in Masanagudi in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu

Rural Development Organization in partnership with Supraja Foundation launched an

Innovative Resilient Agriculture initiative since mid-May 2023 for a
period of 3 years with the following objectives:

1. To create a significant positive environmental impact envisaged in
improved soil fertility and soil health that contributes to increasing soil
organic carbon. To enhance nutrients and soil microbes impacting on
improving quality of crops and productivity with use of bio-inputs. This
also improves the soil’s ability to hold nutrients and store carbon
(carbon sequestration). In addition, it improves soil moisture retention
abilities that reduce the need for irrigation and indiscriminate use of

2. To promote vegetables cultivated adopting a climate smart resilient
sustainable agriculture practice exhibit lower levels of chemical
3. To encourage effective management of on-farm resources for producing
bio-inputs acts as not only a cost-saving agricultural operation but also
reduced dependency on external input agricultural practice that creates
an unhealthy bondage with middlemen who provide these inputs and
dictate terms for the marketing of their produce. This nexus becomes a
vicious cycle where farmers are exploited and unable to realize good
market price for their produce.
4. To encourage efficient management of biomass and crop residual matter
that will result in a cleaner environment and better living condition for
the farmers’ family and the population of the district at a large level.